How to use Jean Watson’s theory of caring to address a nursing issue (Solved): Infertility problems

How to use Jean Watson’s theory of caring to address a nursing issue (Solved): Infertility problems

Description: The article selected for this discussion focuses on the application of Watson’s theory of human caring to individuals with infertility problems and whose treatment has failed. Focusing on women, this study was conducted to ascertain the effectiveness of Watson’s caring theory in managing anxiety and distress caused by coping when treatment fails (Durgun Ozan & Okumus, 2017). The researchers hypothesized that planning nursing care based on the elements of the Caritas process, the transpersonal caring relationship, caring moments and caring occasions, and caring–healing modalities would be appropriate in addressing the issue of coping with infertility. Generally, a randomized control trial involving 86 women from Turkey was conducted from April to November 2012, and data was collected using various methods. It was observed that the incorporation of Watson’s caring model helped in decreasing the levels of anxiety and distress among infertile women.

Type of study and Study Design

The type of study utilized in this research was a single-blind, randomized control trial (RCT) research method. This type of study randomly assigns participants into an experimental group or a control group. The study was conducted in Diyarbakır Veni-Vidi IVF Center in Turkey and involved 86 infertile women who received treatment in the center. A block randomization method was used to select the participants and was conducted by a third-party individual. It was necessary to seek consent from the selected participants before the women were randomly assigned into the experimental and control groups. At the end of the selection, 45 women formed the intervention group while 41 women were included in the control group.

 Quality of the Study

The interventions used in the study involved nursing care delivery based on the 10 carative factors as outlined by Watson. During this period, consultations were made with infertility specialists, nursing staff working in the center, and Dr. Jean Watson (Durgun Ozan & Okumus, 2017). By the end of the intervention period, nine follow-ups were done with a focus on decreasing anxiety and the negative effects of fertility. The quality of the study can also be described based on the tools utilized to analyze data. For instance, Spiel Berger’s State-Trait anxiety scale, infertility distress scale, and ways of coping inventory were adapted (Durgun Ozan & Okumus, 2017). Additionally, all the participants were informed about the essence of the study, its application, how to volunteer, and the possibility to refuse participation. Those willing to take part in the study were given the Voluntary Participation Form and asked for their oral and written consents.

Results and Implications

The were noticeable differences between the intervention and control groups regarding the levels of anxiety, distress, and coping. The study demonstrated that the nursing interventions used based on Watson’s theory can be influential in addressing the levels of stress, anxiety, and negative feelings in infertile women (Durgun Ozan & Okumus, 2017). Despite the positive findings, this study would not apply to my population because of its low low-quality evidence. The article did not mention any values or believes of the patient that can influence how they cope with stress. The fact the study only used 86 participants, all women, makes it inapplicable in other areas. Further research is needed to support the use of Watson’s theory in improving stress and anxiety among infertile women.


Durgun Ozan, Y., & Okumuş, H. (2017). Effects of nursing care based on watson’s theory of human caring on anxiety, distress, and coping, when infertility treatment fails: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Caring Sciences6(2), 95–109.

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