How to create a Lifestyle Changes Poster in nursing

How to create a Lifestyle Changes Poster in nursing

Adopting lifestyle changes is crucial for managing and preventing various diseases such as obesity, diabetes, cancer, hormonal disorders and other lifestyle disorders. Maintaining physical activity promotes weight loss and reduces certain chronic conditions such as heart failure and diabetes (Di Renzo et al., 2020). Recent trends indicate there has also been a decrease in physical inactivity due to the increasingly sedentary nature of jobs, increased urbanization, and changes in the mode of transport. (Cook & Gazmararian, 2018). Physical inactivity and lack of exercise are associated with a high level of obesity in the region. Lack of exercise and physical inactivity means that an individual does not utilize the energy provided by the food they eat. The extra consumed energy is stored in the form of fat by the body.

The individuals should be encouraged to engage in physical activity to avoid the risk of acquiring diseases such as diabetes and obesity.  Physical activity has numerous benefits to the body. In individuals with comorbid obesity, physical activity will reduce their symptoms. Generally, physical activity improves one’s health and well-being—an individual needs to devise a physical activity plan.  Individuals are required to engage in moderate-intensity aerobic physical exercises.  They can also engage in at least 1 to 2 hours minutes of high-intensity exercises that can be of vigorous or moderate intensity every week. Aerobic physical exercises include dancing, circuit training, football, martial arts, rugby, hockey, and football (Al-Aamimi et al., 2021).

Adults should also practice various muscle-strengthening activities in varying intensities. The activities should involve the major body muscles on many days of the week. These activities provide other health benefits to the individuals. Muscle-strengthening activities include push-ups, dance, cycling, hill walking, climbing stairs, climbing stairs, heavy gardening, using resistant bands and weight lifting.  The other way of maintaining physical activity involves limiting a sedentary lifetime. For instance, one can replace the number of times involved in a sedentary lifestyle engaging in physical activities of whichever intensity to reduce detrimental effects of the sedentary lifestyle on the health and well-being of individuals.  A sedentary lifestyle includes when individuals lie or sit down for most of their time (Petridou et al., 2019). They can sit down watching a program or doing another task that involves plenty of sitting.  Individuals with depression or those at risk for depression need to modify how they do things at work or in their home environment.

When at work, various activities can be carried out to improve the well-being of individuals. Firstly individuals can get out of their chair at least twice in two hours.  This will improve circulation and minimize the risks associated with a sedentary lifestyle.  Secondly, they need to stand when talking phones. Thirdly they can increase the use of stairs other than the elevator. Fourthly lunch breaks can be used by walking around the building. Finally, individuals can walk to a colleague’s office instead of sending a text or email. All these activities reduce the duration of physical inactivity, thereby improving an individual’s health and well-being. When at work, various lifestyle modifications can reduce the risk of developing obesity or its complications


Changes in dietary patterns are one of the main causes of numerous disorders such as obesity. Obesity is the presence of an energy imbalance between calories taken and the calories expended or used by the body (Marmouch et al., 2018). Trends indicates that there has been increased consumption of high energy value and high in fats and sugars. Many individuals practice unhealthy eating habits.  The diet individuals consume is directly related to their health and well-being.  Certain dietery pattern have been associated with weight gain and risk for various disorders such as obesity and diabetes. Firstly there has been an increase in the number of processed foods around food stores and shops. Additionally, there are fewer sit-down meals and increased snacking commonly on high fat and high calorific foods.  This poor diet is not only associated with weight gain but other multiple diseases. They include cancer, diabetes, heart diseases, and other hormonal diseases like hyperthyroidism. A healthy diet is essential for good health and nutrition. It protects the patients against various non-communicable diseases such as cancer, diabetes, and heart disease. A healthy diet maintains brain health and cognition in individuals. Certain elements key in boosting memory include vitamins and fatty acids. Patients are given fundamental dietary advice on all diets, including strategies to lower the energy density of the diet, such as increasing fruit and vegetable consumption and decreasing the intake of high-calorie foods (Meng et al., 2018). Individuals should seek the help of a nutritionist to assist them in finding out a personalized proportion of nutrients recommended to them.


Alcohol and substance use

The use of alcohol, cigarette, and other drugs significantly affects the health and well-being of an individual.  Globally, there has been an increase in individuals who smoke and take alcohol. Different drugs and substances can cause weight gain (obesity) and other medical diseases in numerous ways. Smoking has a tremendous effect on body weight. It causes a decreased metabolic efficiency and rate or even decreasing the appetite. Smoking also has an impact on central nervous stimulation. In obese patients, smoking was strongly linked with the disorder only in those who take unhealthy diets and do not engage in physical activity. Other diseases linked to smoking include cancer, heart disease, diabetes, thyroid disorders, mental disorders, and reproductive disorders. Similarly, alcohol consumption is also linked to poor health and well-being. The high rate of recreational alcohol intake can be linked to weight gain. When combined with physical inactivity and unhealthy eating habits, alcohol intake significantly leads to weight gain due to the extra calories available in alcohol. Other over-the-counter drugs available in the pharmacies can also contribute to poor health outcomes. An example of such drugs includes amphetamine and vitamin supplements. Specifically, amphetamine increase causes an increased appetite and reduced satiety. This makes individuals take more food than they require leading to excessive weight gain. Individuals should be adviced to avoid taking drugs and other substances to minimize the risk of acquiring various medical conditions.


Al-Tamimi, S. A. M. (2021). Physical and physical activity exercises in relation to achieving psychological and social compatibility among the trainees Women and men in the gymnasiums. Journal mustansiriyah of sports science3(2).

Di Renzo, L., Gualtieri, P., Pivari, F., Soldati, L., Attinà, A., Cinelli, G., … & De Lorenzo, A. (2020). Eating habits and lifestyle changes during COVID-19 lockdown: an Italian survey. Journal of translational medicine18, 1-15.

Marmouch, H., Jenzri, H., Abdallah, B. B., Tahri, S., & Khochtali, I. (2021). Eating Behaviour, Alexithymia, and BMI in Obesity. Metabolism-Clinical and Experimental116.

Meng, Y., Manore, M. M., Schuna, J. M., Patton-Lopez, M. M., Branscum, A., & Wong, S. S. (2018). Promoting Healthy diet, physical activity, and life-skills in high school athletes: Results from the WAVE ripples for change childhood obesity prevention two-year intervention. Nutrients10(7), 947.

Petridou, A., Siopi, A., & Mougios, V. (2019). Exercise in the management of obesity. Metabolism92, 163-169.

San-Cristobal, R., Navas-Carretero, S., Martínez-González, M. Á., Ordovas, J. M., & Martínez, J. A. (2020). Contribution of macronutrients to obesity: implications for precision nutrition. Nature Reviews Endocrinology16(6), 305-320.

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