Interprofessional Collaboration in Pediatric Primary Care

Interprofessional Collaboration in Pediatric Primary Care

Interprofessional Collaboration in Pediatric Primary Care, Introduction
Children’s distinct and changing demands need a contribution from multiple support systems. The necessary support systems meet the health requirements of the child and family in the present healthcare context to favorably affect health outcomes. Collaboration across disciplines in primary pediatric care is vital to reaching high-quality health care standards. The foundation of collaborative healthcare is the integration of distinct efforts from various health care professions. Effective communication is essential to the collaborative team, since it has a substantial influence on the health outcomes of children and their families. This research examines important aspects of interprofessional cooperation in pediatric treatment.

The influence of interdisciplinary cooperation on clinical decision-making
Professional decision making requires sound judgment based on facts, clinical experience, and patient need. Collaboration in healthcare enhances intermediary components used to predict the quality of health care, such as the transfer of knowledge into clinical practice and the exchange of information across healthcare teams. Consequently, this improves the teams’ capacity for making decisions. Patients, according to Morley and Cashell (2017), are the major decision-makers in clinical settings. They argue that health care practitioners should assume a supporting role. Due to the diversity and uniqueness of patient demands, cooperating teams must educate patients in appropriate and consistent methods to improve patient cooperation and decision-making skills. When providing patients with health information, it is vital to implement procedures to guarantee their participation in decision-making. These metrics include consistency, responsiveness, and information delivery in plain, intelligible language (Morley & Cashell, 2017).

Interprofessional Collaboration in Pediatric Primary Care
How cooperation may result in better patient outcomes
Collaboration within the health care team enhances patient outcomes by enhancing the quality of treatment provided. According to Morley and Cashell (2017), increasing information exchange on evidence-based procedures leads to improved clinical decision-making and innovation, ultimately enhancing the health outcomes of patients. Studies demonstrate that shorter duration of hospital stay and increased adherence to treatment regimen are two qualitative indicators of better health outcomes resulting from teamwork. Collaboration elements, such as patient education, have a substantial influence on patient participation in their treatment and behavioral changes. According to Morley and Cashell (2017), enhanced patient health-seeking behavior, engagement in decision-making, and patient participation in treatment are the consequence of good cooperation, as are improved health outcomes. Moreover, as the setting is supportive, patient safety resulting from cooperation contributes to improved health outcomes. According to a research conducted in Ontario, patient safety and quality treatment depend greatly on working environment variables, such as collaboration (Morley & Cashell, 2017).
How a lack of teamwork might affect patient outcomes negatively
Lack of teamwork has substantial negative effects, not only on the health results of the patient but also on the performance of the organization. A hospital’s culture of cooperation results in high staff satisfaction and retention. The absence of cooperation results in a less competitive work environment characterized by high absenteeism rates and poor employee engagement (Reeves et al., 2017). This is detrimental to patient safety and care quality. In hospitals where healthcare teams collaborate poorly, the power structure is hierarchical, and communication is exclusive and restricted. As a consequence, there is less appreciation and comprehension among the personnel. According to Reeves et al. (2017), the result of poor communication is poor health care delivery, and patients experience the repercussions, such as a longer hospital stay.

Interprofessional Collaboration in Pediatric Primary Care
Obstacles to cooperation between healthcare professionals and patients
There are several hurdles to professional cooperation at various organizational levels within a healthcare institution. At the organizational level, the failure to recognize and value the contributions of other health professionals hinders the delivery of excellent health outcomes (Ghorob & Bodenheimer, 2015). One element of effective cooperation is recognizing and appreciating the contributions of team members to the main objective. When hospitals fail to recognize these efforts, the professionals become demotivated and see no need to commit further time, effort, and money into improving patient health outcomes. Individual members’ lack of commitment might hamper health care operations at the team level (Ghorob & Bodenheimer, 2015). Every member should make it their own responsibility to offer their knowledge and experience in the pursuit of a shared objective, better health result. Individually, a protective mindset impedes the collaborative process (Ghorob & Bodenheimer, 2015). This inhibits the acceptance of constructive criticism and ideas from other members, so retarding the patient’s rehabilitation.
Methods for promoting professional teamwork in pediatric primary care
Collaborative care incorporates many staff members in the provision of patient care. Katkin et al. (2017) assert that a flourishing collaborative team atmosphere is defined by a number of characteristics. The leadership must first establish a culture of trust. A company with a culture of trust fosters the exchange of information and the delivery of excellent health care (Katkin et al., 2017). Secondly, clearly identifying the duties and responsibilities of each team member fosters teamwork. Third, keeping open and efficient communication facilitates professional teamwork. Maintaining mutual regard and compassion while addressing one another increases their working connection and the collaborative process (Katkin et al., 2017). Giving each team member an equal opportunity to participate is crucial to the collaborative process (Katkin et al., 2017). This guarantees that every person feels appreciated and that their efforts matter. Lastly, consensus decision-making encourages teamwork since each member has a voice in the ultimate decision. Since a result, they are compelled to provide their best work to the team, as every viewpoint counts.

Interprofessional Collaboration in Pediatric Primary Care
How the nurse practitioner can foster and facilitate cooperation
Maintaining a focus on the patient may aid nurse practitioners in supporting and encouraging cooperation between patients and their families. Improving patients’ and families’ health outcomes necessitates ignoring the amount of power of health care team members and avoiding the frequent squabbles connected with it (Katkin et al., 2017). Regardless the obstacles, the nurse must constantly keep in mind that the ultimate objective is significance, patient happiness, and a great hospital experience. By consistently attending the training sessions of other departments, the nurse practitioner may foster and promote cooperation among healthcare professionals. This will allow students to obtain a greater understanding of the duties of the various hospital departments (Katkin et al., 2017). As a result, they will be able to comprehend and sympathize with the issues of their colleagues and cooperate more effectively.

Invaluable is the nurse practitioner’s role in fostering professional cooperation. In a primary pediatric care context, nurse leaders must use applicable leadership qualities to foster cooperation and assure the success of the collaborative process. Pediatric care is a delicate area of healthcare; hence, excellent cooperation across various healthcare specializations may considerably enhance the intended health results.

Ghorob, A., & Bodenheimer, T. (2015). Developing primary care teams: a practical approach. Families, Systems, and Health, 33(3), 182 pages.
Katkin, J. P., Kressly, S. J., Edwards, A. R., Perrin, J. M., Kraft, C. A., Richerson, J. E., … & Wall, L. (2017). Principles guiding team-based pediatric treatment. Pediatrics, 140 (2).
Morley, L., and A. Cashell (2017). Collaboration in the medical field. 48(2), 207-216, Journal of medical imaging and radiation sciences.
Reeves, S., Pelone, F., Harrison, R., Goldman, J., & Zwarenstein, M. (2017). Interprofessional cooperation to enhance healthcare practice and results. Database of Systematic Reviews by Cochrane (6).

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